How much fluid and types of fluid you intake is very important for the chronic kidney disease patient to monitor. Some patients may have been asked by their physician to monitor and/or restrict the amount of fluids they take in.
Your fluid intake should be monitored by examining your individual fluid status. If you are retaining fluid, cut back on your intake and vice versa.
1. People with healthy kidneys should drink 8-10 eight-ounce glasses (64 ounces) of water everyday
2. Patients on dialysis and/or patients going through a “sick period,” may exhibit signs of dehydration. Signs of dehydration include: headaches, heartburn, joint and back pain, kidney stones, constipation, fatigue and dizziness.
3. Patients on diuretics may be more susceptible to dehydration.
4. Drinking water lowers risk of urinary tract and bladder infections, which can be common in kidney disease patients.
5. Signs of fluid overload include swollen fingers and ankles, high blood pressure, bloating and difficulty breathing.
Is alcohol or soda bad for the kidneys?
Not always. In moderation, alcohol and soda are not bad for the kidneys. But, both affect the kidneys indirectly. Alcoholic beverages and sodas are high in calories, and too much of them are not good for anyone with diabetes. Diabetes is the number one cause of kidney failure.
Also, while alcohol affects the liver more directly, it can raise blood pressure. And cause dehydration. High blood pressure may damage the kidneys. High blood pressure is the number two cause of kidney failure.
Alcohol also can be dangerous to drink when you are on some kinds of medicine. Make sure to ask your doctor or pharmacist about how alcohol can affect your medicines.
A new study linked drinking two or more sugary drinks each day with an increased risk for high blood pressure.
Is cranberry juice good for the kidneys?
Cranberry juice may help prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs). The juice makes it hard for germs (bacteria) to grow in your bladder. If you are prone to UTI’s and/or kidney infections, including 100% cranberry juice in your daily intake might be a good idea.
What about energy drinks?
Energy drinks should be used with caution. They are soft drinks whose producers advertise that they boost energy. Most contain a source of caffeine as their major ingredient. Chronic kidney disease patients should monitor the amount of caffeine that they include in their diets and limit it to less than 200-mg/ day. Refer to the list below for caffeine intake in common beverages and food items.
Food Item (Caffeine Content)
Brewed Coffee (100mg)
Hershey’s Milk Chocolate Kisses (5mg)
M&M’s Milk Chocolate (16mg)
Mountain Dew (56mg)
Snapple Iced Tea (38mg)
Starbucks Coffee Frappuccino (166mg)
How much water should I drink?
You may not need to drink eight glasses of water every day to stay healthy, as once thought. But, water is still a better choice than drinks that have caffeine like soda, coffee or tea. These drinks can actually make you thirstier. Avoiding extra sugary juices and fruit punches is also a good idea, especially if you have diabetes. Drinking plenty of water may also help prevent kidney stones. Always make sure to stay within your physician’s fluid intake recommendations and watch for fluid overload.